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Vomiting and Diarrhea

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Posted by on Friday, February 4, 2011, 5:51
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Vomiting and Diarrhea
Vomiting and Diarrhea

Vomiting and diarrhea are common in children; sometimes this is called the stomach flu. Usually vomiting and diarrhea are caused by a viral infection in the stomach and intestines. For the most part, antibiotics are not helpful for the stomach flu and can even make vomiting and diarrhea worse in some cases. People lose a lot of water and salts from their bodies when they have vomiting and diarrhea, and with time, people can become dehydrated if they aren’t able to take in enough fluids to replace what they lose in the vomit and diarrhea.

Treatment Of Vomiting and Diarrhea

The most important thing your child needs is plenty of fluids to try and prevent dehydration. Children with the stomach flu may not feel like eating solid foods. It is all right if your child does not want to eat solid foods for a day or two. When they are feeling better, they will start eating better.

When your child has frequent vomiting, clear fluids are easier on the stomach. DO NOT give your child plain water to try and prevent dehydration as this can be dangerous, especially for babies. You can give babies and young children Pedialyte or generic electrolyte replacement solution (available in your grocery store or pharmacy) when they are vomiting. Babies who are breast-fed can continue to take breast milk. Older children over 1 can take clear liquids like gatoraide, sportdrinks, flat 7-up. Straight fruit juice can cause more diarrhea. Do not use soup or boiled rice water.

When children are vomiting, it is better to give small amounts of fluid frequently. If your child takes too much at one time, he/she is more likely to vomit up what they took. It is better to give small amounts of fluids (for example, a tablespoon) every five to ten minutes. If your child is breast-fed, offer the breast frequently but only for about five minutes so that your baby does not take too much at one time.

Try to give children less than 2 years of age 1/4 to 1/2 cup of fluid every 30 min. to 1 hour, and children over 2 years 1/2 to 1 cup of fluid every hour. Start with small amounts frequently (even as low as a tablespoon every five to ten minutes if necessary) and increase the amount each time if your child does not vomit. You can breast-feed for longer each time you offer the breast if your baby’s vomiting has stopped.

Call the office for suppositories for vomiting if needed. Do NOT use anti-diarrhea medications till 10yr or more in age.

When your child stops vomiting, he or she may still have diarrhea for a few more days. You should change from Pedialyte and clear fluids back to your child’s normal formula or milk and some bland food (cereal, bananas, bread) when your child’s vomiting improves, even if your child still has diarrhea. Do not give your child just clear liquids for more than 24 hours without talking to your doctor.

Once your child feels like eating, give him/her foods that are easy to digest like rice, soup, applesauce, bananas, and toast. Stay away from rich foods, fatty or greasy foods, and spicy foods until your child is better.

* Your child cannot keep down any liquid or food or is too weak or tired to drink enough fluids.
* The vomiting and diarrhea do not improve.
* Your child has not urinated in more than 24 hours.
* Your child has severe constant abdominal pain.
* You notice blood in your child’s vomit or there is blood in your child’s stool.
* Your child has a fever of more than 102.
* Your child starts to look dehydrated (his/her eyes look sunken, the skin feels doughy when squeezed, his/her soft spot feels sunken).
* The diarrhea lasts more than 7 days.

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