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Nose diseases

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Sinus Infection

Introduction:

Sinus infection is a very common problem these days and a large number of the people in the world suffer from it. The infection occurs when sinuses, located in between and behind the eyes and on either side of the nose, suffer from inflammation. The result is severe headache or pressure in the eyes, nose or on one side of the head.

Nose diseases
Nose diseases

The pain and frustration of chronic sinus infections can be truly debilitating. One patient told me that her sinusitis felt like she was hundreds of feet underwater without a diving helmet. That’s a good description of the swelling, congestion, pain, headache, and overall misery of a sinus attack. Many people suffer with sinusitis for years because they and their doctors can never identify precisely what’s causing the problem and/or they don’t take sufficient care to avoid repeated attacks.

The first step toward getting rid of a sinus infection is to start Zinc treatment right away. I know some of you are saying, “But, Zinc is an antiviral treatment strategy.” Well, as it turns out many sinus infections are sparked by a viral infection. It’s called a secondary infection, and if you want to reduce your symptoms and the severity of your cold and any sinus infection, you should look into Zicam Gel Swabs for your nose or Zinc tablets you put under your tongue.

You can use a hot-water bottle, an infrared lamp or a warm flannel over the congested area. It can ease the congestion to quite an extent.

A portable humidifier is very useful in this case. You can also boil water to make the air humid. Taking steam is also a good way to lessen the pain. The process creates moisture in the nose. For this, create a steam tent according to your face. Lean over a pot, and place a towel over your head. This will help keep the steam in. Inhale the steam slowly to thin the mucous. This process is easy and comfortable for people. It relieves the pain and provides rest to the patient.

Take 1 tsp ajwain and roast it on a flat pan. As soon as it starts to smoke, put it in a cloth or kitchen tissue. Bring it close to your nose and inhale deeply. Though you might sneeze initially, you will start feeling better after 4-5 minutes

Another sinus headache remedy is to apply a hot wet compress to the face. Wet a washcloth with hot water and fold to fit over the nose and cheeks, putting warmth directly over the sinus and nasal cavities. This will help loosen the mucous and ease the pressure of a sinus headache. You can use a cold compress on the forehead to help shrink the membranes and ease the pain of a headache.

If your doctor has prescribed antibiotics or any other medications, be sure to follow the directions carefully. Sinusitis can be difficult to get rid of otherwise and can easily return if it’s not fully treated the first time. Even if you feel better, it’s important to keep taking your antibiotics until you’ve finished the course prescribed by your doctor. This helps to kill all of the bacteria causing the infection.

Treatment:

Many people with sinus problems usually caused by allergies, colds or other causes have symptoms of a stuffed up nose or headache. These are usually signs and symptoms of sinus a infection. The medical term for a sinus infection is sinusitis. Sinus infections afflict many, many people every year. Sinus infection symptoms are usually mild to severe headaches in the sinus area behind the eyes, forehead and cheek bones, in addition to a “stuffed up nose”. There are many over the counter sinus infection treatments, or a person can see his regular physician or an allergist to take further steps to treat them better or prevent them.

What is a Sinus Infection?
Signs and symptoms of sinus infection are caused by an infection and the resulting swelling caused by the bacteria within the sinus cavities. The sinuses are cavities (openings) in continuous connection with the nasal openings in order for both air and mucous to flow free. It also gives our voice a certain sound. When a sinus is blocked (or stuffed) because of swelling and infection the air already inside the sinuses causes pressure and the result is a sinus headache.

In addition in this situation (swollen nasal passages and sinuses), there is also air that is unable to get into the sinus and this is another reason for sinus pain. Sinus infection treatment is usually a sinus spray that is sometimes prescribed and sometimes gotten over the counter. These sprays provide treatment that kills the bacteria, and other microbes that are causing the various sinus infection symptoms.

What causes sinus infections?
There are many different causes of sinusitis. One cause would be anything that blocks the passages in the openings of the passages a growth or tumor that needs to be removed surgically. Sometimes over the counter nasal sprays can not only cause infection, but can also be addictive. Cocaine and other illegal drugs that are snorted through the nasal passages can also cause irritation and sinus infection.

There are also various kinds of bacteria that can also cause sinus infections. In addition the cilia, which are small hairs in the nasal passages and sinus cavities that help to move mucous out of the nasal area, can get damaged by smoke, lack of humidity or other causes. When this happens the mucous stagnates and becomes a perfect area for bacteria to grow and start an infection. Allergies to food and other substances can also be a cause of food allergies.

Types of Sinus infection
Sinus infections are classified in two different ways, length of time and whether they are infectious or not. There are Acute-lasting less than a month, Sub-acute-lasting from 1-3 months long, and Chronic- which are those infections that have lasted longer than 3 months. Infectious sinus infections are generally caused by a virus, but less often they can be caused by a bacterial infection. Non-infectious are generally caused by either allergies or environmental irritations, such as smoke or drug (legal or otherwise) use. Sub-acute and chronic conditions are usually caused by insufficient or lack of treatment for acute sinusitis.

Signs and Symptoms of Sinusitis
The usual symptoms are headache, facial tenderness, and as few as 25% of patients with acute sinusitis have fever associated with it. Sore throat, coughing, and a cloudy, greenish or yellowish nasal discharge are few common signs of Sinusitis.

Some additional signs that the doctor will check for in order to diagnose sinusitis are swollen areas around the eyes, nasal passages that have become reddened, facial areas over the sinuses that are tender to percussion (tapping) and drainage from the nose that is similar to pus. Sometimes additional information is used to diagnose this information, such as patient history, and certain tests such as a CT scan or MRI might also be performed because these tests are far better at revealing the actual infection than an X-Ray.

Treatment of Sinusitis
Treatment usually consists of the patient beginning with over the counter fever/headache medications such as Tylenol (Acetaminophen) and if the symptoms are not gone within a week then the physician will assume that it is a bacterial infection and then provided the appropriate antibiotic. Usually the patient must remain on antibiotics for at least 10-14 days.

Sometimes, the antibiotics need to be continued up to 21 days if the infection is chronic. However extremely chronic infections sometimes do not respond to a regular course of prescription medication and the patient may respond better to either a longer course of medication or may even need to be physically drained. This is a surgical procedure and will require a hospital stay.

While it doesn’t happen very often, there are times that complications can set in. It is possible with chronic sinusitis that the situation may arise that the infection may extend into the brain and cause an infection there and eventually cause death. However, as was stated earlier, this is a rare occurrence and does not happen frequently.

Nose diseases
Nose diseases

Sinusitis is usually a very easily treated disease if treatment is sought in a timely manner and the proper treatment is provided. If the conditions returns often it is advised that the patient attempt to determine if an allergy is the cause.

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