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Life Threatening Diseases

Posted by on Saturday, March 26, 2011, 5:05
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It is safe to say that nobody ever wants to get sick, much more so to be struck with a disease that may put one’s life in extreme risk. Which is why adopting a healthy lifestyle and clean living are frequently suggested to prevent life threatening diseases. If you do start feeling unwell and is concerned about it, it is best to consult a physician or doctor as early as possible. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have identified some common diseases which affect a great number of people worldwide.

Life Threatening Diseases
Life Threatening Diseases

African trypanosomiasis, or sleeping sickness, is caused and spread by the tsetse fly. This sickness is frequently found in many African countries. Some of the known symptoms are fever, headaches, joint pains, and itching in the early stage. Confusion, sensory disturbances, poor coordination, and disrupted sleep cycles in the second stage. Irreparable neurological damage would result if the disease is untreated in its first stage, more fatal complication during the second stage.

Contaminated and unsanitary drinking water is the main cause of Cholera, an endemic disease in the Indian subcontinent, Russia, and sub-Saharan Africa. The major symptom is profuse diarrhea, vomiting and leg cramps. Patients may die of dehydration.

According to the WHO, there are an estimated 50 million cases of Dengue fever every year with major outbreaks all over Asia and Africa. This illness is spread through the bite of a mosquito carrying a disease called Aedes aegypti. It could range from mild to moderate with symptoms of high fever, severe headaches, muscle and joint pains, and rash and may develop to severe cases involving hemorrhagic fever and circulatory failure.

Hepatitis A, B and C are all serious illnesses of the liver, but the most fatal and widespread is Hepatitis B with approximately 2 billion affected patients, 350 million of them are never free of infection. Symptoms include jaundice, extreme fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and stomach pain. Unceasing infection may lead to cirrhosis of the liver or liver cancer.

A quite universal disease whose untreated and serious cases caused millions of death globally is Influenza. The virus attacks the respiratory track instigating fever, headaches, fatigue, coughing, sore throat, nasal congestion, and body aches.

Meningitis (or spinal meningitis) involve the spinal cord being infected as a result of viral or bacterial contagion. A bacterial meningitis is recognized to be more fatal than the viral type and may cause brain damage, hearing loss, and learning disabilities. Sign of this infection are severe headache, fever, nausea, vomiting, lethargy, delirium, photophobia, and a stiff neck.

In developing countries, more than 600, 000 children die because of Rotavirus that commonly causes viral gastroenteritis worldwide. Vomiting, watery diarrhea, fever, and abdominal pain are the symptoms of this infectious disease.

While each year, about 30 million people die from Yellow Fever. The acute phase of this disease has symptoms including fever, muscle pain, headache, shivers, appetite loss, nausea, and vomiting that lasts for 3-4 days. Of all infected patient, 15% will be in the toxic phase with reappearing fever, jaundice, abdominal pain, vomiting, bleeding from the mouth, nose, eyes, and stomach and deterioration of kidney function. It is known that half of this 15 percent may die eventually while the other half will recover.

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