Many people feel uncomfortable talking about the prostate, since the gland plays a role in both sex and urination. However taboo the topic, prostate enlargement is a common part of aging. Millions of men visit doctors ever year for an enlarged prostate. But before we define prostate enlargement and its causes, let’s first locate the prostate.
The prostate is a small gland the lies immediately below the bladder in the lower abdominal region of men. When this gland is inflamed, affected men can develop sensations of pain within the lower abdomen that extend into the groin, lower back or perineum–the region that lies between the penis and the rectum, explain medical professionals at MayoClinic.com. Sensations of pain can be mild to severe depending upon the extent of prostate inflammation. Certain men may also experience unusual muscle spasms within the lower abdomen or back due to prostate inflammation, warns the Merck Manual, an online medical encyclopedia for health professionals. Men who experience persistent, uncomfortable abdominal, groin or lower back pain should contact a doctor to ensure receipt of appropriate treatment.
An inflamed prostate can cause men to experience pain during ejaculation. Affected men may have difficulty maintaining an erection or can develop discomfort within the testicles or penis. These inflamed prostate symptoms can also be signs of other medical problems, such as prostate cancer or a sexually transmitted disease, and should be reported to a doctor immediately.
Prostate inflammation can lead to bladder irritation in some men. When this small gland is inflamed, it becomes enlarged and can begin to protrude into the bladder. As a result, a man with an inflamed prostate can experience a frequent urge to urinate that is accompanied by sensations of pain or burning, explains the Merck Manual. Certain men may produce a weak, dribbling stream of urine or be unable to fully empty the bladder while urinating. Prostate inflammation can also lead to the appearance of blood within the urine, a symptom known as hematuria. Men who experience these inflamed prostate symptoms should seek care from a doctor as these effects can be signs of other medical conditions, such as a urinary tract infection.
An inflamed prostate resulting from the abnormal presence of bacteria can cause flu-like symptoms to arise in certain men. These flu-like symptoms include fever, chills, body aches, nausea, vomiting or malaise, explains the Mayo Clinic. Patients exhibiting these symptoms should contact a doctor to receive appropriate treatment.